Automated Surgical Approach Planning for Complex Skull Base Targets: Development and Validation of a Cost Function and Semantic Atlas

Aghdasi, Nava and Whipple, Mark and Humphreys, Ian and Moe, K. and Hannaford, B. and Bly, Randall A. (2018) Automated Surgical Approach Planning for Complex Skull Base Targets: Development and Validation of a Cost Function and Semantic Atlas. Surgical Innovation.

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Abstract

Successful multidisciplinary treatment of skull base pathology requires precise preoperative planning. Current surgical approach (pathway) selection for these complex procedures depends on an individual surgeon’s experiences and background training. Because of anatomical variation in both normal tissue and pathology (eg, tumor), a successful surgical pathway used on one patient is not necessarily the best approach on another patient. The question is how to define and obtain optimized patient-specific surgical approach pathways? In this article, we demonstrate that the surgeon’s knowledge and decision making in preoperative planning can be modeled by a multiobjective cost function in a retrospective analysis of actual complex skull base cases. Two different approaches— weighted-sum approach and Pareto optimality—were used with a defined cost function to derive optimized surgical pathways based on preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans and manually designated pathology. With the first method, surgeon’s preferences were input as a set of weights for each objective before the search. In the second approach, the surgeon’s preferences were used to select a surgical pathway from the computed Pareto optimal set. Using preoperative CT and magnetic resonance imaging, the patient-specific surgical pathways derived by these methods were similar (85% agreement) to the actual approaches performed on patients. In one case where the actual surgical approach was different, revision surgery was required and was performed utilizing the computationally derived approach pathway.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Surgical Robots > CB Automated Tools
Z Other
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Blake Hannaford
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2018 20:37
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2018 20:37
URI: http://brl.ee.washington.edu/eprints/id/eprint/321

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