Multiportal Robotic Access to the Anterior Cranial Fossa: A Surgical and Engineering Feasibility Study

Bly, Randall A. and Su, David and Lendvay, T.S. and Friedman, D.C.W. and Hannaford, Blake and Ferreira, Manuel and Moe, K.S. (2013) Multiportal Robotic Access to the Anterior Cranial Fossa: A Surgical and Engineering Feasibility Study. Skull Base Surgery, 149 (6).

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Objective. Integration of robotic surgical technology into skull base surgery is limited due to minimum angle requirements between robotic tools (narrow funnel effect), steep angle of approach, and instrumentation size. The objectives of this study were to systematically analyze surgical approach portals using a computer model, determine optimal approaches, and assess feasibility of the derived approaches on robotic surgical systems. Study Design. Computer analysis on 10 computed tomography scans was performed to determine approach trajectories, angles between robotic tools, and distances to specified skull base target locations for transorbital and transnasal surgical approach portals. Setting. Dry laboratory and cadaver laboratory. Subjects and Methods. The optimal combinations were tested on the da Vinci and Raven robotic systems. Results. Multiportal analyses showed the angles between 2 robotic tools were 14.7, 28.3, and 52.0 degrees in the cases of 2 transnasal portals, combined transnasal and medial orbit portals, and bilateral superior orbit portals, respectively, approaching a prechiasmatic target. The addition of medial and superior transorbital portals improved the skull base trajectory angles 21 and 27 degrees, respectively. Two robotic tools required an angle of at least 20 degrees between them to function effectively at skull base targets. Conclusion. Technical feasibility of robotic transorbital and transnasal approaches to access sella and parasellar target locations was demonstrated. This technique addresses the 2 major drawbacks of (1) the narrow funnel effect generated from portals in close proximity and (2) the steep angle of approach to the skull base, as observed in previous studies analyzing trans-oral, transcervical, transmaxillary, and transhyoid portals.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C Surgical Robots > CC Preventing Tissue Damage
C Surgical Robots > Medical Imaging
Depositing User: Blake Hannaford
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 13:16
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 13:16

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