Finite Element Analysis for evaluating liver tissue damage due to mechanical compression

Cheng, Lei and Hannaford, Blake (2015) Finite Element Analysis for evaluating liver tissue damage due to mechanical compression. Journal of biomechanics, 48 (6). pp. 948-955.

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The development of robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery (RMIS) has resulted in increased research to improve surgeon training, proficiency and patient safety. Minimizing tissue damage is an essential consideration in RMIS. Various studies have reported the quantified tissue damage resulting from mechanical compression; however, most of them require bench work analysis, which limits their application in clinical conditions of RMIS. We present a new methodology based on nonlinear finite element (FE) analysis that can predict damage degree inside tissue. The effects of the boundary conditions and material property of the FE model on the simulated von Mises stress value and tissue damage were investigated. Four FE models were analyzed: two-dimensional (2D) plane strain model, 2D plane stress model, full three-dimensional (3D) model, and 3D thin membrane model. Nonlinear material properties of liver tissue used in the FEA were derived from previously reported in vivo and in vitro experiments. Our study showed that for integrated von Mises stress and tissue damage computations, the 3D thin membrane model yielded results closest to the full 3D analysis and required only 0.2% of the compute time. The results from 3D thin membrane and the full 3D models fell below plane-strain model and above the plane-stress model. Both stress and necrosis distributions were impacted by the material property of FE models. This study can guide engineers to design surgical instruments to improve patient safety. Additionally it is useful for improving the surgical simulator performance by reflecting more realistic tissue material property and displaying tissue damage severity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NSF Grant 60167194
Subjects: C Surgical Robots > CC Preventing Tissue Damage
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Blake Hannaford
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 00:26
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2015 00:26

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