Chapter 30 Robotics in Neurosurgery

Sekhar, L.N. and Ramanathan, D. and Rosen, J. and Kim, L.J. and Friedman, D. and Glozman, D. and Moe, K. and Lendvay, T. and Hannaford, B. (2011) Chapter 30 Robotics in Neurosurgery. In: Surgical Robotics: Systems Applications and Visions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 723-742.

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Use of robots in surgery, especially in neurosurgery, has been a fascinating idea since the development of industrial robots. Using the advantages of a robot to comple- ment human limitations could potentially enhance surgical possibilities, other than making it easier and safer. Over the last few decades, much progress has been made in this direction across various disciplines of neurosurgery such as cranial surgery, spinal surgery and radiation therapy. This chapter details the necessity, principles and the future directions of robotics in neurosurgery. Also, the concept of curvilinear robotic surgery and associated instrumentation is discussed. The idea of using robots in surgery has fascinated surgeons since the making of the first robots for industrial and military use. The first robots were developed in the late fifties for use in industry mainly as transfer machines, used for transporting objects across a few feet. Further design modifications with articulated multi axial arms helped in the making of robots such as Stanford Arm and Programmable Universal Machines for Assembly (PUMA), which were used for automation of manufacturing processes.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: C Surgical Robots > C Surgical Robots(General)
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Margaret Thompson
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2015 21:23
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2015 21:23

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